A magyar lakosság jogismerete az elmúlt fél évszázadban és ma – összehasonlító elemzés kulcsár kálmán 1965-ös empirikus kutatása alapján
Kulcsszavak: jogszociológia, jogismeret, jogtudat, empirikus kutatás, összehasonlító elemzés
Knowledge of law is certainly one component of legal culture. due to the support
of the Hungarian research Funds (otkA) the authors of this paper carried out a
comprehensive empirical analysis of this issue in Hungary. In doing so they strongly
relied on kálmán kulcsár’s indings and insights stemming from his pathbreaking
studies half a century ago.
the empirical study was carried out by the Szonda Ipsos market and opinion
research Institute in the framework of an omnibus questionnaire survey with a random
sample of 1000 people in 2013. thirteen questions essentially similar to certain
questions used by kulcsár in 1965 (for instance: Have you ever read a bill or an act?
Have you ever participated in a judicial process? Who or which body enacts a bill
in Hungary?) were posed in order to provide a possibility for the comparison of the
actual results and those of kulcsár.
We found that the general level of knowledge of law had increased substantially in
the past decades. knowledge related to constitutional law is the prominent example
of this growth and it can deinitely be coupled with the functioning of the democratic
political system in the last 25 years. However, except from constitutional law, the
growth of legal knowledge is due almost solely to the increased level of education
and not a generally improved legal consciousness of the society.
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