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Mészáros Gábor

Alapjogi bíráskodás különleges helyzetekben: a strasbourgi bíróság releváns esetjogaJudicial Review in Emergency Situations: the Relevant Case Law of the European Court of Human RightsGerichtliche Revision im Notstand: die Rechtsprechung des Europäischen Gerichtshofs für Menschenrechte

Kulcsszavak: különleges helyzetek – emberi jogok nemzetközi védelme – Emberi Jogok Európai Bírósága – alkotmányos demokrácia – derogáció

Emergencies are mostly sudden, and in most cases states need special measures to deal with them. For this reason liberal democracies have standing constitutional or special legal powers to derogate human rights for the sake of order. Those democracies that do not have such powers, use impromptu ones. It is possible for authoritarian governments to abuse emergency powers in order to stay in power, to derogate human rights and to silence the opposition. Therefore it is essential for a liberal democracy to have strict limits for the duration, circumstance and scope of emergency powers. There are human rights regimes (for example: the European Convention on Human Rights) which have to respect the member states’ duty and responsibility in such cases. This article tries to examine this special case law of the European Court of Human Rights. The question is whether a European human rights regime is capable of becoming the guardian of human rights in cases of national emergencies, or the sovereignty of states also means that there is very narrow margin to prove legality above security?

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